There are other administrative officers who handle the day-to-day affairs of the organization such as national secretary and financial secretary who necessarily are located at headquarters. Again, one significant point worth noting in this research is how indices like gender, age group, educational status and employment status greatly affect and influence community participation.
This is because microfinance provides the means to generate income that eventually leads to a sustainable development. As I proceed to argue here that there is a general likelihood that the microfinance approach is targeted at women, I also explain the underlying rationale for this approach from Community participation and entreprenuership in nigeria Nigerian perspective.
This generally reflects the different levels of power that stakeholders welded. Thus as a recent on-going study clearly states "in order for a woman to be empowered, she needs access to the material, human, and social resources necessary to make strategic choices in her life.
From the field responses gathered, any time schools were funded by the District Assembly, communities exhibited a C level of stakeholder power Disempowered ; indicating that because the communities were not part of the funding process their participation in educational infrastructure planning and management was generally limited.
The area that a zone covers is a reflection of the number of societies and communities in existence, the pattern being that the more the cooperative societies involved in each local government area, the smaller the number of local governments in the zone.
Second Edition, Ghana University Press. Social Research in Rural Communities. However, an important distinction between developed and developing nations often lies in the wide disparity between policy pronouncements and policy implementation.
This is because, when people participate in the planning and provision of school infrastructure, they develop a sense of ownership for the project.
Women are generally considered to be at the lowest rung of the poverty ladder in Nigeria, the study extrapolated the effects of microfinance on the mitigation of poverty.
Bymid way in the Olusegun Obasanjo administration, his wife and the new first lady had charted a new Programme, thus shunting the FEAP to the sidelines. The level of education of people determines their level of development. This is done on seasonal basis and hardly brings much income beyond what is required for family expenditure.
This implies the active involvement of a wide range of partners-families, teachers, communities, private enterprises, government and Non-Governmental Organisations NGOsinstitutions to mention but a few in planning, managing and evaluation the many forms of basic education .
Members earn their participation through the local or village level. These assumptions fit in with factor distribution and availability whereby the missing factor of production from among land, labour, and capitalis supposed to be provided in order to give impetus to development.
From our research study, the major point of disjuncture of the role of government and communities in the provision of educational infrastructure is; while communities evade high cost because of lack of resources, government is rather too slow in initiating the process.
Between and the Imo State Government in Nigeria spent N 14,on renovation and re-equipment of schools, whiles communities spent N12,on construction of 65 new ones. The economic orientation of the people in the district is mainly agriculture, which is done on subsistence basis .
According to this model developed by Pitt and Khandker, microfinance institutions: The management stuyle was therefore a mixture the Anglo-Saxon savings and loans method that took advantage of the mutualist approach through its emphasis on dealing with cooperatives.
The study revealed that about 48 percent of respondents said, community management of school infrastructure in their suburbs only started after the commissioning of the educational projects while, To provide loans directly to people at ward equivalent to the village or a combination of villages level with the capital needed to establish small-scale industries or enterprises; To provide employment opportunities at the lowest ward levels of the Nigerian society To improve the standards of living of the people To encourage producers at the lower levels to form cooperatives societies through which to promote development consciousness To involve the private sector, state, and local governments in the funding of the production process; and To reduce the rural to urban migration that leads to the congestion of the cities and impoverishment of the rural areas.
Entrepreneurship activity in Nigeria is primarily based on necessity.
These two savings are significant considering that there is no educational financial assistance for students in Nigeria even though school fees are relatively low. In this paper, we presented the theoretical models and conceptual framework underlying the concept of community participation, planning and the management of educational infrastructure.
Community Provided Educational Infrastructure. In the fourth and five parts of this study, we discussed the methodology and the results of the study.
In the past few years, there have been the startups of internet cafes, new Internet Service Providers, computers in some schools, and connectivity hubs that provide access to information at high speeds.
In instances where schools have been provided by the government Decentralised Local Government units also kwon as the District Assembly in the case of Ghana or church groups, we realised that communities have provided supplementary infrastructure such as kitchens, toilets and urinary pits among others.
According to Rafkin and Pridmore, , community participation can only take place if the point of participation starts with the identification of felt needs and priorities. Microfinance institutions have rapidly evolved in the last decade and have been able to "create significant income and employment opportunities for the poor in developing countries.
Research Triangle Park, NC: However, this programme does give specific consideration to women. Finally, government must increasingly provide advisory assistance especially, technical support in the design, implementation and management of educational infrastructure.
Alternatively, in cases where the funding was provided by either the government District Assembly or church groups, local communities participated by providing land and labour to the project.
Thus, respondents who attained higher education contributed more in cash than labour. Its total assets had risen from N1, million in to N1, million in Decentralisation is likely to provide the desired expansion of access and improvement in quality of provision.The activity promotes community participation in sustainable settlements with an objective to: Allow communities to share ownership and responsibility for urban development and governance processes.
-Engage in collaborative tri-sector planning process involving the government, private sector and. INFORMED COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IS ESSENTIAL TO REDUCING MATERNAL MORTALITY IN NIGERIA Antor O.
Ndep, DrPH, CHES community level resources for female wellbeing, socio-political participation and entrepreneurship. In reality though, community-level data is collected by health workers who. National School Entrepreneurship Programme (N-SEP) is set to provide access to functional and hands-on entrepreneurship and community service education to every primary and secondary school student in Nigeria so as to eliminate poverty, conflicts and massive youth unemployment.
entrepreneurship education into curricula of tertiary institutions started in the United States of America as far back as (Kuratko, ) unlike Nigeria where it is a recent development that dated back to (Yahya, ; Gabadeen and Raimi, ). extent to which entrepreneurship in Nigeria has been developed so far, and outlines the initiative by government and also the main current and future challenges and perspectives for the development of entrepreneurship.
The Peoples Bank of Nigeria: The Peoples Bank of Nigeria (PBN) is the second example of government effort to promote rural financial intermediation with the objective of tackling poverty and promoting rural empowerment.
The Federal Government established PBN inDownload