Today the word "Yorl;" has lost any meaning it was ever supposed to have, and when used, if ever it still is used, functions as a mere label to distinguish the Craft and Chapter Rites from Templarism and the Scottish Rite. We ereated no myth about York, for as said above the term came straight from Britain and Canada; Charles lamb essay the praise of chimney-sweepers summary never boasted about it.
There can be no doubt of their identity as originals. He would, of course, employ the workmen, give them his patronage, and, to some extent, by his superior abilities, direct their labors. John the Evangelist and for that reason he called Craft Masonry "St.
After his death, whieh occurred aboutthe office of hereditary Patron was transmitted to his descendants, who, says Lawrie History of Freemasonry, page"held their principal annual meetings at Kilwinning. Yet it is not impossible that it should have been true, for similar things occurred elsewhere.
Lyon in his History of the Lodge of Edinburgh. Neither war, nor pestilence, nor the fury of the infidels, could deter him from pursuits of benevolence. The inquiring student of history will neither assert nor deny net Saint Alban built the palace of Verulam.
Clair family made no such use of the Mason gilds in Scotland; but a case like that of the Medici, and the history of organized families in general, makes the St. But Doctor Oliver has here antedated history.
A good deal of discussion has been had pro and con as to the validity of two old documents known as the Saint Clair Charters, one dated about and onein which documents the statement is made that the Operative Masons of Scotland had conferred upon the family of Saint Clair of Roslin the honor of being recognized as Patron and Protector of the Craft.
The exiled House of Stuart undoubtedly made use of Freemasonry as an instrument to aid in their attempted restoration; but their connection with the Institution must have been after the time of James II, and most probably under the auspices of his grandson, the Young Pretender, Charles Edward.
Domingo for the seat of his Grand East, and thence disseminated the system, which resulted in the establishment of the Supreme Council of the Ancient and Aecepted Seottish Rite at Charleston, South Carolina. As for Britain, its fleet has been its alter ego.
In his youth he visited Rome, and served seven years as a soldier under the Emperor Diocletian. Clair of Rossline, my ancestors and their heirs, to be their patrons, protectors, judges, or masters," etc. By age, the cells, which are four by five by seven feet, have been reduced from three hundred to forty.
He lived, however, for more than half a century afterward, and died in January,in the seventy-eight year of his age. But in the yearWilliam Saint Clair, to whom the Hereditary Protectorship had descended in due course of succession, having no children of his own, became anxious that the office of Grand Master should not become vacant at his death.
The Professor presented them to the Grand Lodge of Scotland, in whose repositories they now are. In he was a founder of the Southgate Lodge, No. The letter of jurisdiction is probably of a dateand the seeund document, probably May 1, In France, Italy, and Spain there are ecclesiastical and military organizations styled Knights of Saint Anthony, who wear a plain cross, the principals a double cross.
Hence the Freemasons, finding themselves embarrassed for want of a Protector, about the yearif that be the real date of the first of the Saint Clair Manuscripts, appointed William Saint Clair of Roslin, for himself and his heirs, their "Patrons and Judges.
The later editions were enriched by the valuable notes of Silvestre de Tracy. Accordingly, he assembled the members of the Lodges of Edinhurgh and its vicinity, and represented to them the good effects that would accrue to them if they should in future have at their head a Grand Master of their own choice, and declared his intention to resign into the hands of the Craft his hereditary right to the office.
But it appears that the originals have since been discovered, and they have been printed by Brother W. It is not difficult for Englishmen to think of themselves as a people partly afloat, nor the Norwegians, and still less the Japanese; but America also is partly afloat, and ever has been, though it is hard for Americans to believe it.
The left hand bottom Corner of No. The vow of the Order embraced chastity, defense of the Christian faith, to guard the empire, obey their superiors, and go to war when and wheresoever commanded. Ho also obtained of the King a Charter for the Free Masons, for to hold a general council, and gave it the name of Assembly, and was thereat himself as Grand Master and helped to make Masons and gave them good charges.
It must certainly have been in active condition there at a time not long after, for in Stephen Morin, who had been deputed by the Council of Emperors of the East and West to propagate the advanced Degrees, selected St. Freemasonry was taken there at an early period in the eighteenth century.
Gradually, decade after deeade, one Medici after another became "boss" of a gild, then of a number of gilds, got a monopoly of the silk gild, became wealthy and established a bank, and by a deft manipulation of gild funds and politics became ruler of Florence.
Brother Charles Mackie, in the London Freemasons Quarterly Retriedpagethus described the last day of this venerable patron of the Order: Saint John, who was worthy to become the patron of a society whose only object is charity, exposed his life a thousand times in the cause of virtue.ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FREEMASONRY AND ITS KINDRED SCIENCES by ALBERT C.
MACKEY M. D. Browse the Encyclopedia by clicking on any of the letters below. A | B | C | D | E | F.Download