Season-long training courses SLTC consist of lectures and hands-on exercises in one production cycle ranging from 1. Fish producing countries, mostly in Asia, have shifted to aquaculture in search of a more sustainable source of fish for domestic consumption and exports FAO a ; WorldFish Increasing aquaculture production has, however, been achieved with considerable environmental costs, threatening many aquatic and marine ecosystems Hugues-Dit-Ciles The increasing global demand of mudcrabs have resulted in overharvesting of wild mudcrabs, as in Northern Samar, threatening the natural biodiversity and sustainability of mudcrab market Agbayani et al.
Notwithstanding the encouraging policy environment in international, regional, and national levels, the Aquaculture as a livelihood strategy the and sustaining smallholder producers into the aquaculture industry for rural development are still wanting in low-income food-deficient countries like the Philippines.
Laoang and Pambujan were listed among the first 5 out of 16 coastal municipalities with the highest number of crablet gatherers Muhia and Lutao Rural aquaculture, Mudcrab nursery, Technology transfer, Socioeconomic impact Introduction Fish catch from the wild has dwindled and the remaining main fishing areas in the world have mostly reached its maximum yield FAO a.
Thus, a technology transfer mechanism is an important element to SME in technology transfer process Khabiri et al. A pre-project site assessment in the area showed that the nursery aspect of mudcrab culture was the weakest link in the mudcrab production cycle in the province Agbayani et al.
The ICDSA adopted community-based and participatory approaches in transferring appropriate aquaculture technologies in pre-assessed sites done by the interdisciplinary team a biologist, an aquaculture specialist, and a socioeconomist. Demonstration of aquaculture systems of selected species is a twin activity of SLTC.
Aquaculture, managed responsibly, has the potential to supply global demand for food fish and support livelihoods in rural communities FAO a ; Subasinghe et al. The Philippine Fisheries Code Republic Act grants the fisherfolk and their organizations the priority to exploit municipal and the demarcated fishery areas for mariculture operation.
Quinitio Find articles by Emilia T. Collaboration among research and development institutions and local partners is critical in training and empowering rural communities to adopt aquaculture technologies. At the end of the project, an impact assessment is undertaken to measure the contribution of the technology on the income and food security of the beneficiaries.
This paper examines the socioeconomic impact of mudcrab culture on smallholder mudcrab growers and the technology transfer mechanism of mudcrab pond nursery in Northern Samar. Results of the research are presented to the beneficiaries and LGUs to encourage support and sustain the aquaculture livelihood.
The program used lessons learned from sectoral collaborations to enhance the productivity of aquatic resources, and minimize environmental impacts. Understanding the limiting factors of smallholder growers in technology adoption will help development workers ascertain the type of strategy needed to encourage technology uptake and sustain their livelihood.
Skills training and empowering the fishing communities are vital to the attainment of the goals for sustainable aquaculture. Accrued earnings go to participating trainees. Aquaculture is resource-intensive land and water and the large-scale operators have had greater access to these resources than small-scale farmers Lewis ; Slater et al.
A nursery system using the wild crablets from the area was necessary to produce steady supply of stocking materials for culture and fattening. Developing sustainable small-scale mudcrab aquaculture was considered a potential livelihood option for the coastal dwellers Walton et al.
Moreover, the local government units LGUs are mandated to support municipal fisherfolk livelihood through technology and research, training, credit, and marketing assistance.
Gaillard also claimed that the limited supply of crablets constrained its mudcrab industry development. The products are sold and the proceeds are plowed back into operations. Find articles by Didi B.
This enables the trainees to acquire knowledge and skills on all production activities like pond preparation, stocking, feeding and water management, fish health monitoring, harvesting, and marketing. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi: But some evidence has been found for the Philippines and elsewhere that aquaculture benefits the poor Irz et al.
Moreover, the use of destructive capture methods like push nets caused mangrove habitat degradation affecting ecosystem function and decline in mudcrab abundance Le Vay et al. This paper examines the community-based technology transfer mechanism of mudcrab nursery in ponds and its socioeconomic impacts on smallholder mudcrab growers in Northern Samar, Philippines.
A paradigm shift from the traditional method requires a dynamic research and technology transfer program given that market parameters of aquaculture and fisheries are continually changing Morrissey and Almonacid Aquaculture represents an inequality-reducing source of income, providing employment to unskilled workers in large communities Irz et al.
Agbayani Find articles by Renato F.Aquaculture in the Philippines: Socio-economics, poverty and gender First Author: Nagothu Udaya Sekhar Literature supports the argument that Aquaculture is a source of livelihood, food security and provides employment benefits to the poor (Barrow & Hall, The “Bangkok Declaration and Strategy for Aquaculture Development Beyond.
livelihood rehabilitation and recovery strategy in the earthquake-affected areas in the two provinces. Following the request UN-FAO established a sub-office in Yogyakarta in June immediately and.
the role of aquaculture as a potential alternative livelihood tool, Matthew RP Briggs 37 Annex 2. Mariculture as a sustainable livelihood strategy in support of conservation. Aquaculture for community livelihood is a perfect framework to help communities.
Our experiences say that the community must be prepared to handle aquaculture projects from technology to marketing. ADSB Aquaculture Development Strategy for Botswana ALCOM Aquaculture for Local Communities BDC Botswana Development Corporation Support for Devising of the Aquaculture Development Strategy for Botswana and the development of outlines for the Fisheries.
livelihood strategy and income of households in the Coastal Sandy Zone of Thua Thien Hue Province. Findings indicated that livelihood strategies are very dynamic and considerable Aquaculture-based strategy: households associated with a share of aquaculture income accounting for more than 50 % of the total income.